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UCHINAGUCHI (沖縄口)

Uchinaguchi is the native language of the Ryukyu islands. The Japanese language wasn't really adopted fully to Okinawa until after the fall of the Ryukyu Kingdom in 1879. In recent times there has been a reemergence of this language on Okinawa in hopes to preserve the language before it is completely lost. Many karate schools on Okinawa teach with a mix of both Japanese and Uchinaguchi terms. These are some of the more common terms you may hear that are in Uchinaguchi.

Number/Kanji Japanese Uchinaguchi Hokkien/Fukien Cantonese Mandarin
1 / 一 Ichi Tiichi Ci't Yāt
2 / 二 Ni Taachi Nn̄g Yih Èr
3 / 三 San Miichi Sa Sàam Sān
4 / 四 Shi Yuuchi Sei
5 / 五 Go Ichichi Nǵh
6 / 六 Roku Muuchi La'k Luhk Liù
7 / 七 Shichi Nanachi Chit Chāt
8 / 八 Hachi Yaachi Pueh Baat
9 / 九 Ku Kukunuchi Kàu Gáu Jiǔ
10 / 十 Ju Tuu Ca'p Sahp Shí

 General Uchinaguchi Terms
TermKanjiDescription
AbitookeeあびとけTalk to the Hand
FuraフラIdiot - Baka
GajimaruがじまるBanyan Tree - Home of the folklore yokai called Kijimuna
GanchigadiがんちがでぃHappy to Help / My Pleasure
Ganju Yaibiimi頑丈やいびーみHow are you? (Uchinaguchi)
GuburiisabitanぐぶりーさびたんYou're Welcome / Don't mention it
HaisaiはいさいHello (masculine) - Haitai はいたい (feminine)
Hanagasa花笠Women headdress with red floral-shaped design and blue waves
HiitaiひいたいMilitary Person (any branch)
JinkuwaじんくわMoney
Karamidi絡み手An old form of full body entanglement techniques
Karii嘉例Cheers / Good health / Kampai (Uchinaguchi)
KumisukuchinくみすくちんA type of Okinawan tea
MensoreeめんそーれーWelcome (typically heard in Okinawa)
NaichaナイチャA person from mainland Japan
Nifee Deebiiru御拝でーびーるThank you (Uchinaguchi)
Pechin親雲上Ryukyuan privileged class, similar to a Japanese Samurai
Sanzan三山Three Kingdoms of Okinawa, Nanzan 南山, Chuzan 中山, Hokuzan 北山
Toudi唐手Older term for karate meaning "China/Tang Hands"
Tsuji Pechin築親雲上Chinese background individuals working for the Ryukyu Government
Ukimisoochii起きみそーちーGood morning (Uchinaguchi)
UtatonウタトンExhausted, worn out, tired
WatabuワタブAn extremely fat person

 Uchinaguchi Stances
TermKanjiDescription
Maya Dachii猫立ちCat Stance

 Uchinaguchi Blocks
TermKanjiDescription
Fuka Uki外受けOutside Block
Hicha Uki下受けLow Level Block
Naaka Uki中受けMid Level Block
Wii Uki上受けHigh Level Block

 Uchinaguchi Strikes
TermKanjiDescription
Chichidi突き手Straight Punch
Uradi裏手Backhand Strike

 Uchinaguchi Kicks
TermKanjiDescription
Chinshi Giri膝蹴りKnee Strike (Knee Kick)
Mee Giri前蹴りFront Kick
Yuku Giri横蹴りSide Kick
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